Ulcerative Colitis – Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Individuals who suffer from unbearable stomach pain and constant cramping should consult a gastroenterologist in Karachi. The individual is more likely to suffer from ulcerative colitis, which requires immediate medical attention. Without treatment, it can cause severe complications, such as colon cancer. Hence, visiting a doctor can help improve the overall health of the patient.

Ulcerative colitis is a condition in which the person suffers from cramps and pain; due to the inflammation and ulceration of the rectum and colon. Individuals above eighteen and below thirty-five are at a higher risk of suffering from the condition. There is no cure for the disease; however, the treatment is proven beneficial in managing the symptoms and preventing complications.

What are the symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis?

The known symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis are:

  • The patient suffers from constant pain and cramps in the abdominal region.
  • The patient can experience rectal pain, which may lead to anxiety.
  • The patient experiences joint pain, which may worsen without medical intervention.
  • The patient suffers from constipation or diarrhea, which affects their overall functioning.
  • The patient notices a change in their body weight. They reduce weight without engaging in physical exercise or dieting.
  • The patent remains inactive due to lethargy. Also, the patient remains tired due to frequent fever episodes.

What causes a person to suffer from Ulcerative Colitis?

The known causes of Ulcerative Colitis include:

  • People with family members suffering from gastroenterological diseases are at a higher risk of suffering from ulcerative colitis.
  • Stress can cause the person to suffer from stomach ulcers leading to other health conditions. People with a compromised immune system are more likely to develop the condition.
  • Individuals who consume processed foods and have a poor lifestyle are at a higher risk of suffering from ulcerative colitis.

What preventive measures help minimize the chances of suffering from ulcerative colitis?

The preventive measures include:

  • People with work and personal stress should make rational decisions and learn breathing exercises to avoid health-related complications, including ulcerative colitis.
  • People should maintain a healthy lifestyle by working on their sleep routine, food intake, and exercising. It helps manage stress and enhance the functioning of the vital organs.

What are the complications associated with ulcerative colitis?

The complications that correlate with ulcerative colitis are:

  • The condition may worsen and cause rectal bleeding without treatment
  • The chances of colon puncturing increase, which affect body functions.
  • The patient can suffer from inflammation of the skin, joints, and eyes, causing pain and discomfort. It can affect the movement of the individual.
  • The chances of blood clotting in the veins and arteries increase due to ulcerative colitis.
  • The patient remains dehydrated and can suffer from correlating complications.
  • The patient is at a higher risk of suffering from colon cancer.

What tests help diagnose an individual with Ulcerative Colitis?

The tests that help diagnose an individual with ulcerative colitis are:

  • Blood Testing: It helps determine if the person is suffering from anemia that causes the individual to suffer from the symptoms such as lethargy.
  • Stool Test: The test help detect the presence of infection to rule out other possibilities.
  • Imaging Testing: CT scan and x-ray provide an image of the pelvic region to detect the cause of the pain and evaluate the severity of the condition.
  • Colonoscopy:The test helps detect the severity of the condition before opting for a treatment plan.

What medications help the patient manage the symptoms of Ulcerative Colonoscopy?

The medications proven effective for ulcerative colitis are:

  • The anti-inflammatory medication help reduce the pain and discomfort.
  • Corticosteroids provide instant relief from the pain and cramps to the patient.
  • Immunomodulators reduce the immune system response that leads to the development of the disease.

People diagnosed with ulcerative colitis should discuss their symptoms with a doctor at Hamid Latif Hospital. The specialist will provide guidance regarding the latest treatment options that will allow the patient to function adequately in every aspect of life.

 

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