Diabetes is a chronic illness that has no cure. It affects the way your body handles glucose, and it can lead to several health complications, such as blindness, nerve damage, and even amputations. Diabetes type 1 is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the immune system attacks and destroys healthy cells in the pancreas (specifically beta cells) where insulin is produced. It results in poor regulation of blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes is most common among the population, with the leading risk factor being obesity and lack of physical activity. Poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle, and genetic factors also contribute to diabetes type 2 development. The good news is that you can manage both types of diabetes and lead a regular life by talking to a Bastrop diabetes specialist. Below are some tips that can help you bring the condition under control.
If you have either type of diabetes, losing weight can help control your blood sugar level and prevent further complications. To lose weight, you need to create a calorie deficit by eating less or increasing physical activity. You can also combine both methods. You must consult with a doctor before starting any diet or exercise routine, as you might need a diabetes diet plan tailored specifically to your needs.
Eating healthy is very important if you have diabetes. It can help control your blood sugar level and prevent further complications like heart disease and stroke. In general, the USDA recommends that adults eat 5-7 servings of grains per day (1 serving = 1 slice of bread, 1 cup of breakfast cereal or 1/2 cup cooked rice, spaghetti, or potatoes), 3-5 servings of vegetables per day and 2-4 servings of fruit per day. Adults with diabetes should eat 8-13 servings of grains each day, 4-6 servings of vegetables, and 3-5 servings of fruit each day. Limit your daily intake of fats, sugars, and salt.
Stay Active Physically
Regular exercise is essential if you have diabetes. Regular workouts improve your cardiovascular fitness, strength, and endurance. Exercise also increases your cells’ sensitivity to insulin which will help you control the disease. You should perform at least 150 minutes of moderate activity or 75 minutes of intense exercise each week to stay healthy.
Stick To the Treatment Plan
You must keep your blood sugar level under control to avoid further complications. You should follow the doctors’ instructions carefully if you have either type of diabetes. Do not miss any scheduled appointments, whether they are for medication adjustments or clinical exams. If you have type 1 diabetes, self-monitoring is essential as it allows you to know when insulin is needed. You should also follow a diabetes diet plan.
In summary, diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how your body manages glucose. While no cure exists, you can manage it in different ways. Make sure you stick to your treatment plan to control blood sugar levels. Also, engage in healthy physical activity levels and maintain a healthy diet. Additionally, you should shed excess weight by creating a calorie deficit.