Steel is one of the world’s most versatile alloys other than iron and carbon. It is a widely used metal in the fields of construction, engineering, agriculture, and the manufacture of cars and trucks. It is also used to construct railroad tracks, nails, appliances, etc.
Do you know that iron is one of the most demanding and widespread elements in the Universe? Even the Earth’s ecosystem contains more iron than oxygen and to obtain a purer metal, it must be concentrated and smelted down because steel cannot be obtained without the extraction of iron.
Also, according to the current statistics of 2021, it is estimated that over 20 billion tonnes of steel are currently in use as more than 50% of all products in the world are being fabricated through the steel process.
Further, the global steel dandenong industry has outlined that, “64 countries have reported to the World Steel Association that the production of steel was 167.9 MT in June 2021. There was a total of 11.6 percent increase as compared to June 2020 “.
Therefore, if you are interested to buy varieties of steel for your home or business purpose then you can visit or contact the below listed one of the trusted steel manufacturing industries:
- KR Steel Industry
- NSW Iron Industry
Steel fabrication is the process of transforming raw, and unshaped metal into a product for construction purposes. Steel is regarded as an alloy of iron and other metals.
There are also various fabrication methods that are used to manufacture steel in different forms such as machining, cutting, forming, punching, shearing, stamping, welding, etc.
The purpose of metal fabrication is to create a unique and personalized product. It is one of the most popular ways of manufacturing end-products. It begins with the input of raw materials that can be machined into desired shapes. Then finishes off by adding extra parts such as fasteners, nuts & bolts, etc.
6 facts about steel that everyone should know
Still, there are many people around the globe who are actually not aware of the features or characteristics of steel. So, this article will explicate six fun and interesting facts about steel.
1. Steel is a composition of iron and carbon
Steel is an alloy of the combination of iron metal and other non-metal elements such as carbon. The contribution of iron content is at least 45% and carbon ranges from 0.02% to 2.14% in the making of steel.
The World Steel Association has estimated that there are now more than 3,500 steel grades. It is remarkable that three-quarters of them were developed in the 21st century.
2. Steel is much stronger than iron
Steel is roughly 1,000 times stronger than iron in its purest form.
Steel itself is an alloy consisting primarily of iron with a small number of other trace elements such as carbon.
Adding just a small amount of carbon to steel, it significantly enhances its tensile strength as compared to a pure iron.
3. Steel Is More Elastic Than Rubber
The elasticity of a material refers to its ability to bounce back after being deformed under the stress applied.
When stress is applied to the rubber it gets stretched because of the strain produced in it. However, it does not happen in the case of steel. This means that steel has a larger value of Young’s modulus of elasticity.
The strain produced in rubber is much larger compared to that of steel. The larger strain means the material is less elastic and hence, steel is more elastic than rubber.
4. Steel Is One of the World’s Most Recycled Materials
Most steel products and objects are made of recycled steel. Statistics show steel has a global recycling rate of roughly 60%, meaning over half of all steel is recycled and reused. Steel can be smelted down, and therefore, it gets easy to recycle it.
More than 80 million tons of steel are globally recycled every year which is more than paper, aluminum, plastic, and glass combined. It is the main material that is used in delivering renewable energy like solar, hydro, and wind power and can be recycled without losing its strength.
5. A Steel Roof Can Last for Over a Half-Century
Conventionally, shingle-covered woo roofs typically only last about 15 to 20 years but steel roofs have become increasingly common in recent years. They can last over a half-century or more approximately 40-70 years.
Steel roof is durable, safe, energy-efficient, and environmentally friendly. These factors make it a smart investment for homeowners and business owners.
6. Carbon Content Affects the Properties of Steel
An increase in the carbon content in steel production like 0.60% will increase its hardness and strength and thus also improve its hardenability. In the case of using too much carbon content, the metal could break easily, and the final product will not be formed.
So, during the production of steel, manufacturers pay close attention to the carbon content which should be no more or less than 0.35%. If an insufficient amount of carbon is used, steel will become susceptible to rust and corrosion.
There is no doubt that steel is considered to be the best metal for the fabrication process. Among the other metals, there are many reasons for its mass-production such as
- Easy to recycle
- Strong, and
- Globally prosperous
This article not only explains the applications and benefits of steel metal but also makes you aware of the good percentage of the other metal content or elements to be used in the production process of steel.
Hence, if you are planning to use steel in the construction of your home or in the office premises then it is recommended to consult the builder or the manufacturer for the same purpose.