Auschwitz-Birkenau is one of the most essential memorials in the world, a reminder of the tragedy that took place during World War II. From Krakow you can take an Auschwitz Tour, during which tourists have the opportunity to learn about the history of the camp and visit the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum.
Visiting Auschwitz-Birkenau: what is worth seeing?
During the Auschwitz Tour Krakow tourists have the opportunity to see a place that reminds us of one of the greatest tragedies in human history. It is a place where the Germans committed bestial crimes against millions of people during World War II. Visiting Auschwitz-Birkenau is not only a history lesson, but also a chance to reflect on the values that should accompany us in everyday life, such as respect, tolerance and solidarity.
During the Auschwitz Tour, tourists have the opportunity to see the remains of the camp, such as barracks, gas chambers and crematoria. Guides lead the tours through different parts of the camp, talking about the history of the place and recalling the victims who died there. Visiting Auschwitz-Birkenau is a very emotional experience that leaves a deep mark on the memory.
At the Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum, tourists can see many valuable items, such as photographs and documents, that depict the history of the camp. These exhibits help us better understand what happened at Auschwitz-Birkenau, and are a reminder of a tragedy that should never be forgotten.
During the tour, it is worth noting symbolic sites such as the Wall of Death and the memorials that commemorate the victims. Also worth a visit is Crematorium I, where there is an autopsy room and a crematorium furnace, which is one of the strongest impressions of the visit.
A visit to Auschwitz-Birkenau is not only a visit to the museum, but also an opportunity to reflect on the importance of tolerance, solidarity and respect in today’s world. It is a place that reminds us of the tragic past, but also mobilizes us to act to prevent similar tragedies in the future.
History of the camp: what are the facts and interesting facts?
Auschwitz-Birkenau was one of the largest German Nazi concentration and extermination camps during World War II. It was established in 1940 as a place to hold Polish political prisoners, and later became a site for the mass extermination of people from various European countries.
Conditions in the camp were terrible, and prisoners were treated in a cruel and inhumane manner. They were used as slaves in the German war economy and subjected to mass executions in gas chambers or killed by starvation, disease or forced labour.
The camp mainly held Jews, but also Poles, Roma, prisoners of war, homosexuals, as well as the disabled and mentally ill. An estimated 1.1 million people died at Auschwitz-Birkenau, 90% of whom were Jews.
The camp was run by war criminals like Rudolf Höss, who served as camp commandant and personally supervised the mass murders in the gas chambers.
Despite the cruelty and violence, resistance groups and sabotage activities were formed among the camp’s inmates, which helped expose the crimes committed by the Nazis.
A visit to Auschwitz-Birkenau is a chance to learn the true history of the camp and to honour the victims of the German occupation. It is also an opportunity to reflect on the importance of bringing help and care to people in need and fighting intolerance and racism in today’s world.