There is no denying the fact that the technological landscape is pretty vast. Yet, this landscape is also very productive and involves several changing advancements. Each day, we come across new technological information which changes our very perception. What’s more? There are several technologies which are pretty much similar to one another. However, they greatly differ from each other because of slight distinctiveness.
A good example to address here is none other but cloud computing and grid computing.
Both computing methods are widely used to perform large computing processes. The functionalities must be the same but they are both completely different. And you will be further amazed to learn that grid computing is also used in cloud computing but it is not a cloud or in any way related to cloud computing at all.
One common thing about both the technologies is that both of them involve massive computing capacity and have relatively large infrastructures. Both of these computing technologies are used for distributed computing which is the process of computing a large amount of information using several different computers operational in remote locations.
A Detailed Comparison between Cloud Computing & Grid Computing
Defining Cloud Computing & Grid Computing
Cloud Computing – Cloud computing is often referred to the utilization of remote servers which are commonly hosted on the Internet. They provide storage and processing space for any computer or affordable dedicated server which is hosted within the infrastructure. In present times, cloud computing is considered a new class of virtual computing which involves some of the latest networking technologies. The best thing about working in a cloud environment is that every hardware and software resources are virtualized.
Grid Computing – In Grid computing several computing technologies are connected with each other in a distributed architecture. Since all machines in Grid computing are connected with each other over a WAN, and they resolve the tasks using a specific scheduling system. Each node within a grid structure has its own manager and is centrally managed by a single system. Ask an expert from a server maintenance platform such as HostNoc and they will tell you that they all act as a cluster yet they perform individual functions independently.
Types of Cloud Computing & Grid Computing
Cloud Computing – As we discuss the details regarding cloud computing, we realize that cloud deployments are governed as four different types of deployment. These are:
- Hybrid Cloud Computing
- Private Cloud Computing
- Public Cloud Computing
- Community Cloud Computing
Grid Computing – Similar to cloud computing, there are various different types of grid computing deployments which are as follows:
- Distributed Computing System
- Distributed Information System
- Distributed Pervasive System
What is the End Goal of Deploying Both Cloud Services?
Cloud Computing – One of the best things about cloud computing is that it focuses on reducing the costs associated with hosting a server and in return increase the overall return. Besides, cloud computing also focuses on increasing the overall availability and reliability of the web application you are planning to host on that server. Another incredible feature of cloud computing is that you can increase the scalability as per your need.
Grid Computing – Grid computing is based on large networks. One of the best benefits of using grid computing is that it is resource sharing intensive, pervasive, and uniform and provides reliable access to data. If you want a high storage capacity and better computational power, then nothing works better for you then grid computing. Grid computer can also enable users to access computers as a separate utility as well.
What are the Pros of Both Computing Methods?
Pros of Using Cloud Computing
- One of the leading advantages of using cloud computing solution is that all your data and information secured in a cloud computing environment is highly secure.
- Another great thing about working on a cloud infrastructure is that you can access the cloud computing service from any location on planet Earth.
- It provides the best in class performance because you can access your cloud instance from any data center located nearest to your location.
- Cloud computing is a cost-effective solution. It can back up your information so you can recall it from the servers any time you want.
Pros of Using Grid Computing
- Grid computing has the ability to use energy from idle processing units.
- Grid computing saves a good amount of budget when dealing with large projects.
- In Grid computing, you can split processing on multiple machines as per your requirement.
- In case, if any error occurs during your working process, your computing process will not stop as the burden will be shared across different server computers.
How Cloud Computing is Different from Grid Computing?
- One of the things that differentiate cloud computing from grid computing is servers, storage, databases, networking, software, and analytics. All of these software resources in cloud computing are provided to you as a user from a specific hosting provider on the Internet. In Grid computing, on the other hand, these resources are distributed. In grid computing, there are different computers which are functioning on the same network. It means that all their resources are substantially shared among them. When resources are shared, they make a simple computer look and feel like a supercomputer. Here processing speed, data storage and memory need authorization from specific users.
- In cloud computing, you get a number of different services such as IaaS, SaaS and PaaS which are hosted on separate virtual machines. Cloud environments are on-demand environments where development, testing, delivering and managing software applications are all done in the virtual space. Also, cloud environments are deployed in separate public, private and hybrid clouds. Whereas, grid computing works on the distributed principle. It has built a foundation on the distributed computing architecture which involves a range of client machines that are lightweight software agents. Such computing uses embedded micro processing chips which allows them to easily transact information among machines. You can choose any device or machine even your home appliances and embed that chip on it so it can connect with your system.
Grid computing is quite economical as compared to cloud computing. Moreover, grid computing splits and distributes the work across a number of nodes efficiently. Since cloud computing requires an initial setup and faster data restoration, it is considered a more costly solution as compared to grid computing.