Thu. Jun 20th, 2024

Millions of individuals all over the world suffer from periodontal disease, which is also referred to as gum disease. Although it mainly impacts the gums and teeth, the effects go beyond the oral cavity, requiring immediate Periodontal treatment in Danvers. Evidence suggests that periodontal disease significantly negatively influences overall wellness and health.  

You can give oral health more importance by realizing how periodontal disease impacts every system in your body. Do not forget that a healthy mouth contributes to a healthy body.

What is Periodontal Disease?

A gum infection brought on by bacteria in tooth plaque is called “periodontitis.” It can develop into periodontitis, a more severe kind of gum disease that damages the soft tissues and bone supporting the teeth if left untreated.  Gingivitis, an infection of the gums, is how it develops.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

The bacterial film known as plaque, which builds up on the teeth over time, causes periodontal disease. Poor dental hygiene, smoking, family history, hormonal changes (such as those that occur during pregnancy), certain drugs, and underlying medical diseases like diabetes are other variables that may contribute to the development of gum disease.

Symptoms of Periodontal Disease

  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Persistent bad breath or a foul taste in the mouth
  • Changes in bite or difficulty chewing
  • Formation of pockets between the teeth and gums
  • Receding gums, making the teeth appear longer
  • Bleeding gums, especially during brushing or flossing
  • Loose or shifting teeth

Stages of Periodontal Disease

Gingivitis: The gums will be inflamed in the early stages, but there won’t be any severe bone or tissue loss.

Mild Periodontitis: The bone and tissue supporting the teeth are somewhat damaged when the infection develops at this stage.

Moderate Periodontitis: The infection worsens, leading to increased bone and tissue loss.

Advanced Periodontitis: The most severe stage, where significant bone and tissue loss takes place and might lead to tooth loss.

How Periodontal Disease Affects the Body? 

Inflammation and Systemic Health

Chronic gum inflammation brought on by bacteria in plaque is a defining feature of periodontal disease. This constant inflammation sets off an immune function response, which sends inflammatory substances into circulation. Systemic inflammation raises the risk of several diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, respiratory infections, and cardiovascular disease.

Cardiovascular Complications

Periodontal disease and cardiovascular problems are closely associated, according to research. Gum disease can increase the risk of atherosclerosis, heart disease, and stroke because the bacteria in the gums can enter the bloodstream and irritate blood vessels. Additionally, chronic gum inflammation may promote the growth of blood clots, causing cardiovascular conditions.

Diabetes Management

Both diabetes and periodontal disease increase a person’s chance of developing them. Periodontal disease makes it difficult to control blood sugar levels, and the two variables interact. Gum-related inflammation can reduce insulin sensitivity and glycemic control, raising the risk of complications for people with diabetes. Getting periodontal treatment is essential for managing diabetes effectively.

Pregnancy Complications

Women with untreated periodontal disease during pregnancy are at a higher risk of developing issues including premature labour, low birth weight, and hypertension. The placenta can be impacted and proper fetal development can be interfered with by the oral bacteria and inflammatory response linked to gum disease. Regular dental exams from our professional dentist in Danvers and good oral hygiene throughout pregnancy are crucial to reduce these risks.

Joint Health

Periodontal disease and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an autoimmune disease affecting the joints, are connected. In those with RA, the inflammation caused by gum disease can produce an immunological response that assaults the joints, increasing discomfort and causing joint damage. The course of rheumatoid arthritis can be slowed down and its symptoms managed by treating periodontal disease.

Respiratory Health

Respiratory conditions caused by the periodontal pocket infection have been linked to pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Since oral microorganisms can raise the risk of a lung infection, everyone should practice good dental hygiene, especially those with respiratory conditions.

Treatment of Periodontal Disease

Professional dental treatment from a periodontal dentist near you and strict at-home oral hygiene routines are essential components of periodontal disease treatment. Treatment choices can include the following:

Scaling and root planing: Deep cleaning to remove plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line.

Antibiotics: Topical or oral antibiotics may be prescribed to control bacterial infection.

Periodontal surgery: Surgery techniques including flap surgery, bone grafting, or tissue regeneration can be required in more complex instances.

Ongoing maintenance: Regular dental check-ups, professional cleanings, and improved oral care routines to prevent recurrence.

Prevention and Maintenance

Practice Good Oral Hygiene

Use fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush to properly clean your teeth at least twice daily. Pay close attention to the gum line as well as all tooth surfaces. Additionally, use dental floss daily to get between your teeth, where a toothbrush can’t get at the plaque and food particles.

Use an Antiseptic Mouthwash

An antiseptic mouthwash, while you rinse, can assist in lessening oral bacteria, improving breath quality, and supporting healthy gums. Pick a mouthwash specially made to promote healthy gums, then use it as directed.

Maintain a Healthy Diet

A healthy diet is essential for maintaining good dental hygiene. Reduce your intake of sugary and acidic meals and drinks since they help plaque build on your teeth. Instead, concentrate on eating a diet full of fruits, vegetables, lean meats, and whole grains since they include vital minerals for healthy gums.

Avoid Tobacco Use

Smoking and tobacco use increase periodontal disease risk, which can also make treatment less effective. If you smoke, consider giving it up and avoid tobacco products. Your dentist or medical professional can provide you with assistance and services to help you quit.

Manage Underlying Health Conditions

Certain medical disorders, such as diabetes might increase the risk and severity of periodontal disease. Work closely with your healthcare professionals to successfully manage any underlying medical conditions you have because doing so can assist your gum health.

Regular Dental Check-ups

For thorough examinations and skilled cleanings, see your dentist near you regularly. If gum disease is present, your dentist can see the early warning symptoms and administer the necessary care. Regular dental appointments also provide prompt action by enabling early identification of various oral health problems.

Professional Teeth Cleanings

Plaque and tartar accumulation can only be removed by professional dental cleanings done by a dental hygienist. These cleanings get to places that can be challenging to fully clean at home, preventing gum disease and preserving excellent dental health.

Stay Informed

You may be informed about oral health by reading reliable materials, participating in oral health education programs, and speaking with your dental care provider. Knowing about periodontal disease and how to prevent it can help you decide about your tooth health.

Recall that preventing diseases like periodontal disease is always preferable to treating them. You can reduce your risk of acquiring gum disease and keep your smile healthy for years by following these preventive measures and a regular oral hygiene routine.

The repercussions of periodontal disease extend beyond the mouth and impact several other aspects of our overall health. By realizing how periodontal disease impacts the entire body, we may prioritize oral health as essential to our overall welfare. 

To learn more about periodontal disease and how to manage it, speak with our dentist or periodontist immediately. We may offer individualized counseling, conduct a thorough dental health check, perform laser periodontal therapy near you, and suggest certain treatment alternatives based on your unique needs. 

We are a reliable source of information and guidance regarding your oral health. Schedule your appointment today!

By nitin

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