What is an overhead water tank?
An overhead water tank is one of the most commonly seen things in every house and building nowadays. It serves as the main source of water storage for the residents of the building. This water is then used for various domestic purposes. These are usually installed on rooftops and used for the entire building.
This tank is built using different materials depending on the purpose and efficiency of the material. The water from the ground level is filled into the tank through pumping using a motor, and this water is then supplied for different purposes through the plumbing system. As a result, the water flows from a certain height, ensuring constant steady pressure is maintained in all the outlets, thus allowing for an effective water supply and distribution.
How to install an overhead water tank?
Before installing a water tank, you must know which tank will suit your needs. This mostly depends on where the tank is going to be installed and what purpose it will serve. Based on this, the quantity of water used can be easily estimated, and, consequently, the water tank’s capacity can be gauged. The purpose of the water tank will also determine the place it will be installed in and whether you can do it yourself or will need an expert for the job. This will also give you a basic idea of what tools are required for the installation.
To be concise, installing overhead water tanks at home by yourself is easy and efficient if they are being used for the following purposes:
- Garden and lawn watering
- Rainwater harvesting
- Livestock watering
- Swimming pool
These processes require connecting the tank to the plumbing system of the house. Once these factors are determined, it is easier to install the tank. The first step of this is preparing the base of the tank. The bottom of the tank can be designed using two materials, concrete and compacted materials.
To make a concrete base, 3 inches of the reinforced concrete slab should be poured so that it is level and flat in all directions. This slab should be bigger than the diameter of the base of the tank when the tank is in a vertical position. The soil base should be made completely level and compact before pouring this slab of concrete.
In the case of a compacted material base, a 3-inch pad of compacted crusher dust or road base must be created. It should be at least 24 inches larger than the diameter of the tank. It should be flat, level, and free from any rocks. A retaining base must support the outside of this base to protect it from erosion or other kinds of damage.
The next step of the installation process is to fit the overflow drainage pipe. In some tanks, this overflow drainage pipe is already installed and set to be used, but in others, it has to be installed separately, in which case it is usually mentioned with a detailed set of instructions on how to do it. This pipe needs to be connected from the fitting into the drainage system, or else to the point that it is well away from the tank and will not affect the base in any way.
The next step is to fit the pipe that goes from the roof to the tank’s lid.
For a typical plastic water tank, contact your dealer and inquire about the different filters you need for this installation process. Then these filters need to be installed under the lid properly in the filter basket. This installation of filters is very important if the water from the tank is to be used for human consumption.